According to the first quaterly production estimates of Union Agriculture Ministry 2023-24 Kharif rice output is estimated at 106.3 million tons and total foodgrains output is expected at 148.6 million tons. Pulses pro- duction is estimated at 7.1 million tons which is lower than last Kharif season harvest. Oilseeds were estimated at 434.8 million tons, Cotton production is estimated at 31.7 million bales (170 Kg each) and Maize production is estimated at 22.5 million tons.